Embedding Widgets in Web Pages

This example was written in preparation for the Plugging into the Web article for Qt Quarterly 26 and posted here in response to a message on the Python-list mailing list.

We begin by importing the PyQt4 modules and defining a simple HTML page:

import sys
from PyQt4.QtCore import QSize, Qt
from PyQt4.QtGui import *
from PyQt4.QtWebKit import *

html = \
<title>Python Web Plugin Test</title>

<h1>Python Web Plugin Test</h1>
<object type="x-pyqt/widget" width="200" height="200"></object>
<p>This is a Web plugin written in Python.</p>

Note the use of the object tag with a custom type attribute. This refers to a custom MIME type that we will register later on with QtWebKit.

The widget we want to embed in Web pages is a simple custom widget that implements a paint event and provides a size hint:

class WebWidget(QWidget):

    def paintEvent(self, event):
        painter = QPainter()
        painter.drawRect(self.rect().adjusted(0, 0, -1, -1))
        painter.drawRect(self.width()/4, self.height()/4,
                         self.width()/2, self.height()/2)
    def sizeHint(self):
        return QSize(100, 100)

To make the widget available for embedding, we need to register it with QtWebKit. There are two ways to do this:

Here, we create a custom subclass of QWebPluginFactory and reimplement the create() method to return an instance of our custom widget when asked for the MIME type we wish to associate with it:

class WebPluginFactory(QWebPluginFactory):

    def __init__(self, parent = None):
        QWebPluginFactory.__init__(self, parent)
    def create(self, mimeType, url, names, values):
        if mimeType == "x-pyqt/widget":
            return WebWidget()
    def plugins(self):
        plugin = QWebPluginFactory.Plugin()
        plugin.name = "PyQt Widget"
        plugin.description = "An example Web plugin written with PyQt."
        mimeType = QWebPluginFactory.MimeType()
        mimeType.name = "x-pyqt/widget"
        mimeType.description = "PyQt widget"
        mimeType.fileExtensions = []
        plugin.mimeTypes = [mimeType]
        print "plugins"
        return [plugin]

We also need to reimplement the plugins() method to inform QtWebKit about the MIME type we support with our custom widget. We can provide implementations for create() and plugins() that register and create many custom widgets.

In the main program, we enable plugins globally for the application, set our own factory on the default QWebPage instance provided by the QWebView widget, and we set the HTML for the widget to show.

if __name__ == "__main__":

    app = QApplication(sys.argv)
    QWebSettings.globalSettings().setAttribute(QWebSettings.PluginsEnabled, True)
    view = QWebView()
    factory = WebPluginFactory()

The result should be a page containing a title and a simple decorated widget.

PyQt/Embedding Widgets in Web Pages (last edited 2014-06-07 22:30:56 by DavidBoddie)

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