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Here are some example simple programs. Please feel free to contribute, but see notice at bottom, please.
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These examples assume version 2.4 or above of Python.
You should be able to run them simply by copying/pasting the code into a file and running Python. Or by inserting this line (#!/usr/bin/env python) at the beginning of your file (Unix/Linux), making the file executable (chmod u+x filename.py) and running it (./filename.py).

    ------ 1 line: Output
{{{#!python numbers=disable
print 'Hello, world!'
}}}

    ------ 2 lines: Input, assignment
{{{#!python numbers=disable
name = raw_input('What is your name?\n')
print 'Hi, %s.' % (name)
}}}

    ------ 3 lines: For loop, built-in enumerate function
{{{#!python numbers=disable
my_list = ['john', 'pat', 'gary', 'michael']
for i, name in enumerate(my_list):
    print "iteration %i is %s" % (i, name)
}}}

    ------ 4 lines: Fibonacci, tuple assignment
{{{#!python numbers=disable
parents, babies = (1, 1)
while babies < 100:
    print 'This generation has %d babies' % babies
    parents, babies = (babies, parents + babies)
}}}

    ------ 5 lines: Functions
{{{#!python numbers=disable
def greet(name):
    print 'hello', name
greet('Jack')
greet('Jill')
greet('Bob')
}}}

    ------ 6 lines: Import, regular expressions
{{{#!python numbers=disable
import re
for test_string in ['555-1212', 'ILL-EGAL']:
    if re.match(r'^\d{3}-\d{4}$', test_string):
        print test_string, 'is a valid US local phone number'
    else:
        print test_string, 'rejected'
}}}

    ------ 7 lines: Dictionaries, generator expressions
{{{#!python numbers=disable
prices = {'apple': 0.40, 'banana': 0.50}
my_purchase = {
    'apple': 1,
    'banana': 6}
grocery_bill = sum(prices[fruit] * my_purchase[fruit]
                   for fruit in my_purchase)
print 'I owe the grocer $%.2f' % grocery_bill
}}}


    ------ 8 lines: Command line arguments, exception handling
{{{#!python numbers=disable
#!/usr/bin/env python
# This program adds up integers in the command line
import sys
try:
    total = sum(int(arg) for arg in sys.argv[1:])
    print 'sum =', total
except ValueError:
    print 'Please supply integer arguments'
}}}


    ------ 9 lines: Opening files
{{{#!python numbers=disable
# indent your Python code to put into an email
import glob
# glob supports Unix style pathname extensions
python_files = glob.glob('*.py')
for fn in sorted(python_files):
    print ' ------', fn
    for line in open(fn):
        print ' ' + line.rstrip()
    print
}}}

    ------ 10 lines: Time, conditionals
{{{#!python numbers=disable
import time
now = time.localtime()
hour = now.tm_hour
if hour < 8: print 'sleeping'
elif hour < 9: print 'commuting'
elif hour < 17: print 'working'
elif hour < 18: print 'commuting'
elif hour < 20: print 'eating'
elif hour < 22: print 'resting'
else: print 'sleeping'
}}}

    ------ 11 lines: Triple-quoted strings, while loop
{{{#!python numbers=disable
REFRAIN = '''
%d bottles of beer on the wall,
%d bottles of beer,
take one down, pass it around,
%d bottles of beer on the wall!
'''
bottles_of_beer = 99
while bottles_of_beer > 1:
    print REFRAIN % (bottles_of_beer, bottles_of_beer,
        bottles_of_beer - 1)
    bottles_of_beer -= 1
}}}

   ------ 12 lines: Classes
{{{#!python numbers=disable
class BankAccount(object):
    def __init__(self, initial_balance=0):
        self.balance = initial_balance
    def deposit(self, amount):
        self.balance += amount
    def withdraw(self, amount):
        self.balance -= amount
    def overdrawn(self):
        return self.balance < 0
my_account = BankAccount(15)
my_account.withdraw(5)
print my_account.balance
}}}

    ------ 13 lines: Unit testing with unittest
{{{#!python numbers=disable
import unittest
def median(pool):
    copy = sorted(pool)
    size = len(copy)
    if size % 2 == 1:
        return copy[(size - 1) / 2]
    else:
        return (copy[size/2 - 1] + copy[size/2]) / 2
class TestMedian(unittest.TestCase):
    def testMedian(self):
        self.failUnlessEqual(median([2, 9, 9, 7, 9, 2, 4, 5, 8]), 7)
if __name__ == '__main__':
    unittest.main()
}}}


    ------ 14 lines: Doctest-based testing
{{{#!python numbers=disable
def median(pool):
    '''Statistical median to demonstrate doctest.
    >>> median([2, 9, 9, 7, 9, 2, 4, 5, 8])
    7
    '''
    copy = sorted(pool)
    size = len(copy)
    if size % 2 == 1:
        return copy[(size - 1) / 2]
    else:
        return (copy[size/2 - 1] + copy[size/2]) / 2
if __name__ == '__main__':
    import doctest
    doctest.testmod()
}}}

    ------ 15 lines: itertools
{{{#!python numbers=disable
import itertools
lines = '''
This is the
first paragraph.

This is the second.
'''.splitlines()
# Use itertools.groupby and bool to return groups of
# consecutive lines that either have content or don't.
for has_chars, frags in itertools.groupby(lines, bool):
    if has_chars:
        print ' '.join(frags)
# PRINTS:
# This is the first paragraph.
# This is the second.
}}}

    ------ 16 lines: csv module, tuple unpacking, cmp() built-in
{{{#!python numbers=disable
import csv

# write stocks data as comma-separated values
writer = csv.writer(open('stocks.csv', 'wb', buffering=0))
writer.writerows([
    ('GOOG', 'Google, Inc.', 505.24, 0.47, 0.09),
    ('YHOO', 'Yahoo! Inc.', 27.38, 0.33, 1.22),
    ('CNET', 'CNET Networks, Inc.', 8.62, -0.13, -1.49)
])

# read stocks data, print status messages
stocks = csv.reader(open('stocks.csv', 'rb'))
status_labels = {-1: 'down', 0: 'unchanged', 1: 'up'}
for ticker, name, price, change, pct in stocks:
    status = status_labels[cmp(float(change), 0.0)]
    print '%s is %s (%s%%)' % (name, status, pct)
}}}
    ------ 18 lines: 8-Queens Problem (recursion)
{{{#!python numbers=disable
BOARD_SIZE = 8

def under_attack(col, queens):
    left = right = col
    for r, c in reversed(queens):
        left, right = left-1, right+1
        if c in (left, col, right):
            return True
    return False

def solve(n):
    if n == 0: return [[]]
    smaller_solutions = solve(n-1)
    return [solution+[(n,i+1)]
        for i in range(BOARD_SIZE)
            for solution in smaller_solutions
                if not under_attack(i+1, solution)]
for answer in solve(BOARD_SIZE): print answer
}}}

    ------ 20 lines: Prime numbers sieve w/fancy generators
{{{#!python numbers=disable
import itertools

def iter_primes():
     # an iterator of all numbers between 2 and +infinity
     numbers = itertools.count(2)

     # generate primes forever
     while True:
         # get the first number from the iterator (always a prime)
         prime = numbers.next()
         yield prime

         # this code iteratively builds up a chain of
         # filters...slightly tricky, but ponder it a bit
         numbers = itertools.ifilter(prime.__rmod__, numbers)

for p in iter_primes():
    if p > 1000:
        break
    print p
}}}

    ------ 21 lines: XML/HTML parsing (using Python 2.5 or third-party library)
{{{#!python numbers=disable
dinner_recipe = '''<html><body><table>
<tr><th>amt</th><th>unit</th><th>item</th></tr>
<tr><td>24</td><td>slices</td><td>baguette</td></tr>
<tr><td>2+</td><td>tbsp</td><td>olive oil</td></tr>
<tr><td>1</td><td>cup</td><td>tomatoes</td></tr>
<tr><td>1</td><td>jar</td><td>pesto</td></tr>
</table></body></html>'''

# In Python 2.5 or from http://effbot.org/zone/element-index.htm
import xml.etree.ElementTree as etree
tree = etree.fromstring(dinner_recipe)

# For invalid HTML use http://effbot.org/zone/element-soup.htm
# import ElementSoup, StringIO
# tree = ElementSoup.parse(StringIO.StringIO(dinner_recipe))

pantry = set(['olive oil', 'pesto'])
for ingredient in tree.getiterator('tr'):
    amt, unit, item = ingredient
    if item.tag == "td" and item.text not in pantry:
        print "%s: %s %s" % (item.text, amt.text, unit.text)
}}}

    ------ 28 lines: 8-Queens Problem (define your own exceptions)
{{{#!python numbers=disable
BOARD_SIZE = 8

class BailOut(Exception):
    pass

def validate(queens):
    left = right = col = queens[-1]
    for r in reversed(queens[:-1]):
        left, right = left-1, right+1
        if r in (left, col, right):
            raise BailOut

def add_queen(queens):
    for i in range(BOARD_SIZE):
        test_queens = queens + [i]
        try:
            validate(test_queens)
            if len(test_queens) == BOARD_SIZE:
                return test_queens
            else:
                return add_queen(test_queens)
        except BailOut:
            pass
    raise BailOut

queens = add_queen([])
print queens
print "\n".join(". "*q + "Q " + ". "*(BOARD_SIZE-q-1) for q in queens)

}}}

    ------ 33 lines: "Guess the Number" Game from http://inventwithpython.com
{{{#!python numbers=disable
import random

guessesTaken = 0

print 'Hello! What is your name?'
myName = raw_input()

number = random.randint(1, 20)
print 'Well, ' + myName + ', I am thinking of a number between 1 and 20.'

while guessesTaken < 6:
    print 'Take a guess.'
    guess = input()
    #fyi: input() is for numbers. raw_input() is for strings.

    guessesTaken = guessesTaken + 1

    if guess < number:
        print 'Your guess is too low.'

    if guess > number:
        print 'Your guess is too high.'

    if guess == number:
        break

if guess == number:
    guessesTaken = str(guessesTaken)
    print 'Good job, ' + myName + '! You guessed my number in ' + guessesTaken + ' guesses!'

if guess != number:
    print 'Nope. The number I was thinking of was ' + str(number)

}}}

    ------

Hi, I started this page in May 2007, and I provided the first 10+ or so examples (which may have changed since then). -- SteveHowell

All code on this page is open source, of course, with the standard Python license.

Minor cleanups are welcome, but if you want to do major restructuring of this page, please run them by the folks on the Python mailing list, or if you are impatient for a response, please just make your own copy of this page. Thanks, and I hope this code is useful for you!

Some goals for this page:

 1. All examples should be simple.
 2. There should be a gentle progression through Python concepts.

----
CategoryDocumentation

Go to http://www.techburrow.com for more

SimplePrograms (last edited 2015-06-13 04:34:34 by SteveHolden)

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