Usage in Python
- When do I use them?
While loops, like the ForLoop, are used for repeating sections of code - but unlike a for loop, the while loop will not run n times, but until a defined condition is met. As the for loop in Python is so powerful, while is rarely used, except in cases where a user's input is required, for example -
n = raw_input("Please enter 'hello':") while n.strip() != 'hello': n = raw_input("Please enter 'hello':")
However, the problem with the above code is that it's wasteful. In fact, what you will see a lot of in Python is the following -
while True: n = raw_input("Please enter 'hello':") if n.strip() == 'hello': break
As you can see, this compacts the whole thing into a piece of code managed entirely by the while loop. Having True as a condition ensures that the code runs until it's broken by n.strip() equalling 'hello'. The only problem with this is that it slows things down a lot - this is due to first testing the True condition for the while, then again testing the n.strip() value compared to the string 'hello'. Another version you may see of this type of loop uses 1 instead of True - this is exactly the same, though in Python 2.*, using while 1 is minutely faster, due to the ability to reassign True to a different value - the interpretor needs to look up the value of the variable, as opposed to loading a constant.
As a programmer, it is up to you which style to use - but always remember that readability is important, and that speed is also important.