Differences between revisions 1 and 42 (spanning 41 versions)
Revision 1 as of 2005-11-15 04:48:18
Size: 2798
Editor: Ismael
Comment: Creation :)
Revision 42 as of 2007-03-03 02:50:03
Size: 8372
Editor: 143
Comment: JavaScript is a language, not an action
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 1: Line 1:
The intent of this page is to list the most commonly used Python modules, in hopes that it will provide useful for other programmers (especially beginners). #pragma section-numbers off
Line 3: Line 3:
Please avoid listing modules that either:
 * You have made
 * Don't have community aproval (ie: are not widely used, are regarded as "unpythonic")
= Useful Modules, Packages and Libraries =
Line 7: Line 5:
Do list modules that:
 * Get recommended often in the Tutor or comp.lang.python lists
The intent of this page is to list some of the most commonly used Python modules, in the hope that it will provide useful recommendations for other programmers (especially beginners). Remember that in addition to the listings below, there are other directories of Python modules - see PublishingPythonModules for details. Another collection of library details can be found on the ["Libraries"] page.
Line 10: Line 7:
Be warned that this list is subjective by its very nature. It's only intended as a helpful guide. It is not definitive in any way, nor should it discourage developers into developing their own modules. Be warned that this list is subjective by its very nature - it is only intended as a helpful guide. It is not definitive in any way, nor should it discourage developers from developing their own modules.
Line 12: Line 9:
Please provide a short description for each module. Try to put each module in the category that matchs it's "main" audience, since a module might fall into a couple of categories. === Database ===
 * DatabaseInterfaces
 * [http://sqlobject.org/ SQLObject] - Provides an object oriented way of accessing several different database systems
 * See also DatabaseProgramming for guidance.
Line 14: Line 14:
[[TableOfContents]] === Foreign Function Interface ===
Line 16: Line 16:
=== Game development ===
 * [http://www.pygame.org/ PyGame] - Wrapper to the SDL library.
 * [http://starship.python.net/crew/theller/wiki CTypes] - A package for calling the functions of dlls/shared libraries. Now included with Python 2.5 and up.
Line 19: Line 18:
=== General category ===
 * [http://www.jorendorff.com/articles/python/path/ Python Path] - Wraps the functionality in the os.path module.
=== Game Development ===
 * [http://www.pygame.org/ PyGame] - Principal wrapper of the SDL library.
 * See also ["GameProgramming"]. A more comprehensive list of packages can be found on the ["PythonGameLibraries"] page.
Line 23: Line 23:
 * [http://www.wxpython.org/ wxPython] - wxWidgets bindings to Python.
 * [http://pythoncard.sourceforge.net/ PythonCard] - Framework built on top of wxPython
 * PyGtk - Bindings for the cross-platform Gtk toolkit.
 * PyQt - Bindings for the cross-platform Qt framework.
 * TkInter - The traditional Python user interface toolkit.
 * WxPython - wxWidgets bindings for Python supporting PythonCard, ["Wax"] and other frameworks.
 * GUI Programming is, in many cases, a matter of taste. See a more extensive list on the GuiProgramming page.

=== HTML Forms ===
 * [http://wwwsearch.sourceforge.net/ClientForm/ ClientForm] - "ClientForm is a Python module for handling HTML forms on the client side, useful for parsing HTML forms, filling them in and returning the completed forms to the server. It developed from a port of Gisle Aas' Perl module HTML::Form, from the libwww-perl library, but the interface is not the same." - from the website.
 * [http://formencode.org/ FormEncode]
Line 27: Line 34:
 * [http://www.crummy.com/software/BeautifulSoup/ Beautiful Soup] - HTML/XML parser designed for quick turnaround projects like screen-scraping, will accept bad markup.   * [http://www.crummy.com/software/BeautifulSoup/ Beautiful Soup] - HTML/XML parser designed for quick turnaround projects like screen-scraping, will accept bad markup.
Line 29: Line 36:
=== Scientific ===
 * [http://vpython.org/ Visual Python] - Offers real-time 3D output, is easily usable by novice programmers, excellent for physics.
 * [http://www.scipy.org/ SciPy] - Includes modules for graphics and plotting, optimization, integration, special functions, signal and image processing, genetic algorithms, ODE solvers, and others.
Line 33: Line 37:
=== Web development ===
 * [http://www.turbogears.org TurboGears] - Rapid web development megaframework.
=== ID3 Handling ===
 * [http://www.sacredchao.net/quodlibet/wiki/Development/Mutagen Mutagen] - Mutagen is a Python module to handle audio metadata. It supports FLAC, M4A, Musepack, MP3, Ogg FLAC, Ogg Speex, Ogg Theora, Ogg Vorbis, True Audio, and !WavPack audio files. All versions of ID3v2 are supported, and all standard ID3v2.4 frames are parsed. It can read Xing headers to accurately calculate the bitrate and length of MP3s. ID3 and APEv2 tags can be edited regardless of audio format. It can also manipulate Ogg streams on an individual packet/page level.
 * [http://www.nedbatchelder.com/code/modules/id3reader.html ID3Reader] - "Id3reader.py is a Python module that reads ID3 metadata tags in MP3 files. It can read ID3v1, ID3v2.2, ID3v2.3, or ID3v2.4 tags. It does not write tags at all" (from site). Used in ID3Writer
 * [http://www.comfortableshoe.co.uk/cgi-bin/blosxom.cgi/Home/Python/id3Writer.comments ID3Writer] - Writes ID3 Tags for mp3s (both v1 and v2, as necessary). No Unicode support as of yet. Uses ID3Reader.
 * [http://sourceforge.net/projects/pyid3 PyID3] - ""(Appears to be inactive)""Module for manipulating ID3 informational tags in MP3 audio files. Not as good as ID3Writer, but no issues w/ genre, unlike ID3Writer.
 * [http://www.liquidx.net/pytagger/ pytagger] - tag reader and writer implemented purely in Python. Supports ID3v1, ID3v1.1, ID3v2.2, ID3v2.3 and ID3v2.4
Line 36: Line 44:
=== Platform specific === === Image Manipulation ===
 * [http://www.pythonware.com/products/pil/ Python Imaging Library (PIL)] - Supports many file formats, and provides powerful image processing and graphics capabilities.

=== Indexing and Searching ===
 * ["InformationRetrieval"]

=== Java ===
 * Java scripting

=== Networking ===
 * TwistedMatrix - Event-driven networking framework

=== Platform Specific ===
Line 39: Line 59:
==== Linux ====
Line 41: Line 61:
* [http://pythonmac.org/wiki/py2app py2app] - Creates stand-alone apps (like py2exe for Mac)  * [http://pythonmac.org/wiki/py2app py2app] - Creates stand-alone apps (like py2exe for Mac)
 * [http://pyobjc.sourceforge.net PyObjC] - Bridge between the Python and Objective-C. Most important usage of this is writing Cocoa GUI applications on Mac OS X in pure Python
Line 46: Line 68:
=== Plotting ===
 * [http://code.enthought.com/chaco/ Chaco] - Creates interactive plots
 * [http://gnuplot-py.sourceforge.net/ gnuplot.py] - Based on gnuplot
 * [http://matplotlib.sourceforge.net/ Matplotlib] - Production quality output in a wide variety of formats
 * [http://pyx.sourceforge.net/ PyX] - Postscript and PDF output, (La)TeX integration
 * [http://www.reportlab.org/ ReportLab] includes a charting package
 * [http://home.gna.org/veusz/ Veusz] - Postscript output with a PyQt front end

The SciPy [http://scipy.org/Topical_Software#head-b98ffdb309ccce4e4504a25ea75b5c806e4897b6 topical software] page has a longer list.

=== RDF Processing ===

 * See RdfLibraries for a list of available RDF processing solutions.

=== Scientific ===
 * [http://vpython.org/ Visual Python] - Offers real-time 3D output, is easily usable by novice programmers, excellent for physics.
 * [http://www.scipy.org/ SciPy] - Includes modules for graphics and plotting, optimization, integration, special functions, signal and image processing, genetic algorithms, ODE solvers, and others.
 * [http://www.omegahat.org/RSPython/index.html Python Bindings for R] - R is a well known, open source (GPL 2) statistical package. RSPython provides the ability to access R from python, and vice-versa.

=== Standard Library Enhancements ===
 * [http://www.jorendorff.com/articles/python/path/ Python Path] - Wraps the functionality of the os.path module and provides something more convenient.

=== Threading ===
 * [http://chrisarndt.de/en/software/python/threadpool.html ThreadPool] - Intuitive approach to threads, well-explained.
 * See the ["ParallelProcessing"] page for other multiprocessing or parallel processing approaches.

=== Web Development ===
 * [http://www.djangoproject.com Django] - High-level Python Web framework
 * [http://www.turbogears.org TurboGears] - Rapid web development megaframework.
 * See a more complete list of topics on the ["WebProgramming"] page and frameworks on the ["WebFrameworks"] page.
Line 47: Line 100:
 * [http://effbot.org/zone/element-index.htm ElementTree] - The Element type is a simple but flexible container object, designed to store hierarchical data structures, such as simplified XML infosets, in memory.  * [http://effbot.org/zone/element-index.htm ElementTree] - The Element type is a simple but flexible container object, designed to store hierarchical data structures, such as simplified XML infosets, in memory. --Note: Python 2.5 and up has ElementTree in the Standard Library--
 * [http://uche.ogbuji.net/tech/4suite/amara/manual Amara] - Amara provides tools you can trust to conform with XML standards without losing the familiar Python feel.
 * ["PythonXml"] provides a list of available XML processing solutions.

== Editorial Notes ==

Please avoid listing modules where...

 * You are one of the developers (and you just want to promote your work somewhere).
 * The modules in question do not have widespread approval or usage.

If you do want to make people aware of a module, package or library (perhaps your own), consider submitting it to one or more of the directories mentioned in PublishingPythonModules, perhaps also adding it to the topic-specific part of this site (eg. WebProgramming, GuiProgramming).

Do list modules that:

 * Get recommended often in the Tutor or comp.lang.python lists

Please provide a short description for each module. Try to put each module in the category that matches its "main" audience, since a module might fall into a number of categories.

Useful Modules, Packages and Libraries

The intent of this page is to list some of the most commonly used Python modules, in the hope that it will provide useful recommendations for other programmers (especially beginners). Remember that in addition to the listings below, there are other directories of Python modules - see PublishingPythonModules for details. Another collection of library details can be found on the ["Libraries"] page.

Be warned that this list is subjective by its very nature - it is only intended as a helpful guide. It is not definitive in any way, nor should it discourage developers from developing their own modules.

Database

Foreign Function Interface

Game Development

GUI

  • PyGtk - Bindings for the cross-platform Gtk toolkit.

  • PyQt - Bindings for the cross-platform Qt framework.

  • TkInter - The traditional Python user interface toolkit.

  • WxPython - wxWidgets bindings for Python supporting PythonCard, ["Wax"] and other frameworks.

  • GUI Programming is, in many cases, a matter of taste. See a more extensive list on the GuiProgramming page.

HTML Forms

HTML Parser

ID3 Handling

  • [http://www.sacredchao.net/quodlibet/wiki/Development/Mutagen Mutagen] - Mutagen is a Python module to handle audio metadata. It supports FLAC, M4A, Musepack, MP3, Ogg FLAC, Ogg Speex, Ogg Theora, Ogg Vorbis, True Audio, and WavPack audio files. All versions of ID3v2 are supported, and all standard ID3v2.4 frames are parsed. It can read Xing headers to accurately calculate the bitrate and length of MP3s. ID3 and APEv2 tags can be edited regardless of audio format. It can also manipulate Ogg streams on an individual packet/page level.

  • [http://www.nedbatchelder.com/code/modules/id3reader.html ID3Reader] - "Id3reader.py is a Python module that reads ID3 metadata tags in MP3 files. It can read ID3v1, ID3v2.2, ID3v2.3, or ID3v2.4 tags. It does not write tags at all" (from site). Used in ID3Writer

  • [http://www.comfortableshoe.co.uk/cgi-bin/blosxom.cgi/Home/Python/id3Writer.comments ID3Writer] - Writes ID3 Tags for mp3s (both v1 and v2, as necessary). No Unicode support as of yet. Uses ID3Reader.

  • [http://sourceforge.net/projects/pyid3 PyID3] - ""(Appears to be inactive)""Module for manipulating ID3 informational tags in MP3 audio files. Not as good as ID3Writer, but no issues w/ genre, unlike ID3Writer.

  • [http://www.liquidx.net/pytagger/ pytagger] - tag reader and writer implemented purely in Python. Supports ID3v1, ID3v1.1, ID3v2.2, ID3v2.3 and ID3v2.4

Image Manipulation

Indexing and Searching

Java

  • Java scripting

Networking

Platform Specific

Mac

Windows

Plotting

The SciPy [http://scipy.org/Topical_Software#head-b98ffdb309ccce4e4504a25ea75b5c806e4897b6 topical software] page has a longer list.

RDF Processing

  • See RdfLibraries for a list of available RDF processing solutions.

Scientific

  • [http://vpython.org/ Visual Python] - Offers real-time 3D output, is easily usable by novice programmers, excellent for physics.

  • [http://www.scipy.org/ SciPy] - Includes modules for graphics and plotting, optimization, integration, special functions, signal and image processing, genetic algorithms, ODE solvers, and others.

  • [http://www.omegahat.org/RSPython/index.html Python Bindings for R] - R is a well known, open source (GPL 2) statistical package. RSPython provides the ability to access R from python, and vice-versa.

Standard Library Enhancements

Threading

Web Development

XML Processing

Editorial Notes

Please avoid listing modules where...

  • You are one of the developers (and you just want to promote your work somewhere).
  • The modules in question do not have widespread approval or usage.

If you do want to make people aware of a module, package or library (perhaps your own), consider submitting it to one or more of the directories mentioned in PublishingPythonModules, perhaps also adding it to the topic-specific part of this site (eg. WebProgramming, GuiProgramming).

Do list modules that:

  • Get recommended often in the Tutor or comp.lang.python lists

Please provide a short description for each module. Try to put each module in the category that matches its "main" audience, since a module might fall into a number of categories.

UsefulModules (last edited 2018-08-20 14:00:38 by PySimpleGUI)

Unable to edit the page? See the FrontPage for instructions.