This document provides:
- a list of enhancements to make Distutils packaging system support several index servers;
- changes to be made in the central server index implementation, a.k.a PyPI;
The PyPI is playing a very important role in the standardization of Python package distribution since Python 2.4. Together with Distutils and the third-party library Setuptools, most Python programmers are releasing their packages in eggs, and are making them available in PyPI.
Web frameworks such as Plone and the underlying framework, are now entirely distributed in eggs, and use PyPI as the main place to publish them. Some tools like zc.buildout automates the build of Python application by looking for eggs in PyPI and downloading them.
This central approach is great for Python advocacy, and for the cohesion of the community of developers, but brings a few issues:
- when PyPI is unreachable, developers are unable to build their application, unless they have a local PyPI cache;
- when people from a sub-community, like Plone, want to promote their work, they need to shout it out in several places, to make sure it has reach people focused on the given framework. These places are acting a bit like the PyPI, so a common releasing standard make thing easier to automate.
This document provides a solution to transparently support several index servers. It is a very low risk and very simple to implement. It is also finalizing a feature that was primarily intended by Distutils and PyPI, but not easy to use as-is: making it a central server, but allowing people to register and upload their package elsewhere.
The rest of the document presents the actions to take, and the work to be done for it:
- making .pypirc supports multiple servers
- making PyPI permissive for Trove classification
Making .pypirc supports multiple servers
Right now, the .pypirc file is intended to keep username and password for registering a package. The file looks like
[server-login] username:tarek password:secret
The default repository is PyPI, and when another repository has to be used, there are two options.
Either adding the repository url in the command line:
$ python setup.py register -r http://example.com/repository
Either adding it in the .pypirc file:
[server-login] username:tarek2 password:secret repository:http://example.com/repository
In both cases, it is not possible when your username differs from a server to another, to keep a username/password for each server. Furthermore the realm associated with the server is hardcoded to "pypi".
Several sections in .pypirc
A simple way to enhance it, is to be able to add several sections in .pypirc. The root section would be the [distutils] section, with a list of sections that represent a server.
[distutils] index-servers = pypi my-other-server my-other-server-with-its-own-realm [pypi] repository:http://pypi.python.org/pypi/ username:tarek2 password:secret [my-other-server] username:tarek2 password:secret repository:http://example.com/repository [my-other-server-with-its-own-realm] username:tarek3 password:secret3 repository:http://example2.com/repository realm:acme
When a user call the register or the upload command, it will use the default server located in the pypi section, or the server given by the -r option:
$ python setup.py register sdist upload -r http://example.com/repository # registering and uploading at example.com $ python setup.py register sdist upload # registering and uploading at PyPI
the -r option will also accept the name of the section:
$ python setup.py register sdist upload -r my-other-server # registering and uploading at example.com $ python setup.py register sdist upload -r pypi # registering and uploading at PyPI
Default values in this file will be:
- distutils:index-servers : "pypi"
pypi:repository : http://pypi.python.org/pypi/
Backward compatibility will be kept, and a file that uses the old format:
[server-login] username:tarek2 password:secret
...will be translated as:
[distutils] index-servers = pypi [pypi] username:tarek2 password:secret
Making PyPI permissive for Trove classification
PyPI is based on a Trove classification, see http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0301/#distutils-trove-classification. Another server may have its own trove classification though, that differs from PyPI. This is intended because the server can provide a "package center" that has its own domain-specific categories.
For example, a package might have this classification:
Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable Intended Audience :: Developers
But a slightly different one in another server. Let's say, the ACME company:
ACME :: Visibility :: Public Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable Intended Audience :: Developers
A permissive Trove classification would allow the registering of the package in both servers, even if the categories does not exist. For each unkown category a warning is popped at the prompt. The unknown category is not created on the server: each server keeps its own classifiers.
When registering it to several servers, the expected output would be::
$ python setup.py register # registering at PyPI ... Warning "ACME :: Visibility :: Public" classifier not found on the server 200 - OK $ python setup.py register -r http://example.com/repository # registering at example.com Warning "Development Status :: 5 - Production/Stable" classifier not found on the server Warning "Intended Audience :: Developers" classifier not found on the server 200 - OK
This will allow visual checking when a typo is made. The package will then be available in each server, but only under the categories known to the server.