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Describe CAPI CookBook here.

Functions for returning an error with one call

PyObject *EXPP_ReturnPyObjError( PyObject * type, char *error_msg )
{                               /* same as above, just to change its name smoothly */
        PyErr_SetString( type, error_msg );
        return NULL;
}

int EXPP_ReturnIntError( PyObject * type, char *error_msg )
{
        PyErr_SetString( type, error_msg );
        return -1;
}

Return in incremented reference

PyObject *EXPP_incr_ret( PyObject * object )
{
        Py_INCREF( object );
        return ( object );
}

Check sequence type

/*****************************************************************************/
/* Description: Checks whether all objects in a PySequence are of a same  */
/*              given type.  Returns 0 if not, 1 on success.             */
/*****************************************************************************/
int EXPP_check_sequence_consistency( PyObject * seq, PyTypeObject * against )
{
        PyObject *ob;
        int len = PySequence_Length( seq );
        int i, result = 1;

        for( i = 0; i < len; i++ ) {
                ob = PySequence_GetItem( seq, i );
                if( ob == Py_None )
                        result = 2;
                else if( ob->ob_type != against ) {
                        Py_DECREF( ob );
                        return 0;
                }
                Py_DECREF( ob );
        }
        return result;          /* 1 if all of 'against' type, 2 if there are (also) Nones */
}

Tuple Prepend

/*
 * Helper function for subtypes that use the base types methods.
 * The command below needs to have args modified to have 'self' added at the start
 * ret = PyObject_Call(PyDict_GetItemString(PyList_Type.tp_dict, "sort"), args, keywds);
 *
 * This is not easy with the python API so adding a function here,
 * remember to Py_DECREF the tuple after
 */
PyObject * EXPP_PyTuple_New_Prepend(PyObject *tuple, PyObject *value)
{
        PyObject *item;
        PyObject *new_tuple;
        int i;

        i = PyTuple_Size(tuple);
        new_tuple = PyTuple_New(i+1);
        PyTuple_SetItem(new_tuple, 0, value);
        Py_INCREF(value);
        while (i) {
                i--;
                item = PyTuple_GetItem(tuple, i);
                PyTuple_SetItem(new_tuple, i+1, item);
                Py_INCREF(item);
        }
        return new_tuple;
}

Methods into dictionary

/* this function adds methods to a dictionary.
 * in cases where the methods do not go into a module as is useual
 * - for instance if you want to add methods to a type
 */
void EXPP_PyMethodsToDict(PyObject *dict, struct PyMethodDef *meth)
{
        PyObject *value;
        while (meth->ml_name) {
                value = PyCFunction_New(meth, NULL);
                PyDict_SetItemString(dict, meth->ml_name, value);
                Py_DECREF(value);
                meth++;
        }
}

Anonymous Pointer Comparison

add to the header...

/* for anonymous comparisons */
typedef struct {
        PyObject_HEAD
        void * pointer;
} BPyAnonymousObject;

comparison function...

/*
 * This is to compare any 2 types that have a pointer directly after the
 * PyObject in their struct, this covers quite a few.
 * */

int EXPP_Anonymous_compare( BPyAnonymousObject * a, BPyAnonymousObject * b )
{
        return ( a->pointer == b->pointer) ? 0 : -1;
}


CategoryDocumentation

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